留学党的难题-Group Report,以下几条小建议一定要收藏!

来源: www.fun1999.com 发布时间:2020-03-08 论文字数:2990字
论文编号: sb2020030619000829772 论文语言:English 论文类型:心得体会
在大学里,我们经常性被要求写 group report,很多人都被这个难倒了,不过这篇文章可以帮助你解决很多问题.
通常Group Report在mid-break之后,在大家短暂的疯狂之后,就要开始与组员共同携手面对几千字的report了。每到这个时候,同学们都会困扰与谁组队,怎样合理的分配还有沟通作业部分,尤其对于刚上国外大学的同学们来说,在还没有适应的国外教学环境里,面对不同陌生的脸庞,同学们可能认为Group Report就是一场凌迟的噩梦,不仅挑战了我们的社交能力,同时Group Report通常占期末总成绩的50%,也让同学们深感亚历山大。以下小编带大家学习如何可以顺利的分配小组任务,完成Group Report,怎样与不同国籍的同学和睦融洽相处,以及当遇到不负责任的组员时,怎么及时处理减少损失。小编认为其实很多问题是可以避免的,同学们跟我一起mark这些技巧吧。



Section 1: 成员构成
一个好的组员不仅能够帮助队伍取得更好的成绩,同时也可以避免很多矛盾的产生。所以,在能够自己组队员的情况下,一定要好好考虑对方的实力和性格是否合适哦。如果可以,选择自己的小组成员。选择最适合完成这一份作业的成员,而不是一直选择自己熟悉的朋友一起。
我们要与小组成员及时沟通交流。在讨论和小组作业中,沟通是最重要的一点,一旦小组成员确定,记得要交换联系方式。有什么想法和疑问要及时和小组成员沟通,不要害羞不说。如果你的组员很强势的话,那么无可厚非的,你和其他人就需要知道如何温和的和对方讲道理以及调节气氛。同样的道理,如果对方是一个害羞或者不善于表达的朋友,那么你们也需要带动对方表达观点或者展现出更具有决策力的一面哦。
 
Section 2: 如何和组员融洽相处
首先,对于小组作业来说,责任划分是最重要的部分。如果能够把责任和任务分配清楚,那么矛盾产生的可能性将大大减少。每个人为自己分配到的部分负责,即使后期出现问题,也能够明确责任。
其次, 态度是很重要的。和小组成员交流,一定要温和有理,只有在大家都讲道理的时候,问题才能容易的解决。讨论的时候,即使知道对方的观点有问题,也不要咄咄逼人,最好能够温和的告诉对方问题出在哪里,一起商讨最佳方案。面对比较强势的队员,需要做到保持清醒,因为很多同学很容易被其的观点和气场带着走,从而错过很多好的观点或者忽略掉一些错误。因此,和强势的队员相处时,一方面需要称赞对方做的好的部分,另一方面也需要仔细辨别对方的观点是否正确。
 
当然,咄咄逼人虽然行不通,但也不需要努力讨好组员。很多之前没有做过小组作业的同学往往会迫切希望和组员成为朋友,认为这样可以给他们带来更多的安全感。能够成为朋友当然很好,但事实上,很多时候更多显现出的,反而是剃头挑子一头热,带来的更多是力不从心的感觉。毕竟对于有些同学来说,学习和私生活是分开的。面对这样的情况,尽量保持一个轻松的心态,不要给自己太大的压力。组员与组员间的关系,其实和将来各位同学会面临的同事关系是一样的,能够保持和谐相处,共同进步的关系就很好了。
面对外国组员,很多朋友会特别担心没办法和他们愉快相处或者担心由于文化或语言问题导致沟通不流畅等问题。但其实,外国组员并不像很多朋友想象的那么难相处哦。如果是因为语言问题而害怕交流,可以提前告知组员自己的烦恼,并表示自己一定会对小组作业全力以赴,一般情况下很多外国组员是会很乐意帮助你的。
 
遇到没有听懂的部分也要及时询问,才能够避免在之后做作业的时候犯错。还有些同学会觉得有一部分外国组员看上去很冷漠的样子,不太敢和他们交流。但其实,外国组员们的责任感也是很强的,只要好好和他们沟通,一起顺利完成作业应该不会太难。
当然,除了一些和小组成员相处时需要注意的小细节外,我们还是有一些方式可以帮助促进和改善和小组成员之间的关系的方法哦!
 
-Care Package
这是在美国,英国和澳洲很流行的和朋友、同学之间增进关系的小办法哦。在某个小考试,Presentation或者节日到来的时候,准备一些小零食,一两片面膜等小东西和一两句鼓励或祝福的话送给对方,会让对方感到温暖和快乐哦。
 
-小卡片or信件
如果想表达感谢,困扰或有其他想要告诉组员的话,却不知道如何说出口或者感觉自己语言表达能力有些许不足,那么可以写好一张小卡片或一封信送给组员哦。小卡片和信件的方式可以让你的想法或者建议更容易被接纳!
 
-邮件或者Messenger
对于小组作业,沟通的及时性是十分重要的哦。在为小组作业奋斗的期间有任何问题和想法,都可以通过邮件,Messenger以及微信等方式和小组及时交流讨论。(建议所有的朋友都下载Messenger这个软件哦,在和外国组员交流的时候十分必要。)
 
Section 3: 遇到矛盾如何解决
首先,如果是意见上的不统一,那么就一起坐下来好好协商,必要时可以采取投票的方式做出决定。但在此期间一定要保持一个温和的态度哦,否则有可能影响后期的相处哦。
如果是有某个组员没能及时完成他/她的工作,那么一定要把相关信息及时反馈给老师。 组员们可以提前收集整理好一些聊天记录,邮件等证据,再把大家的意见整理一下一起发送给老师,然后约个时间大家一起去和老师进行相关反馈。一般这种情况下,老师会进行单独评分或者把该组员从小组剔除。(无论是哪种情况,该组员没完成的部分也是需要后期补上的哦)
还有一种情况就是,某个小组成员有很认真的完成他/她的部分,但她完成的内容是错误的或者有很多不足的情况。这个时候就需要大家一起帮助该组员改进和完善他/她的部分哦。有时候大家会很不服气,认为自己已经有很多东西要做了,这时候需要把心态放平哦,因为你交出的每一份作业都代表着你的水平,所以不要气馁和妥协呀
 
Section 4例子:Writing Your Group Reports
 
-Decide on a focus 确定一个重点:
When all the research is completed, meet as a group and decide on a focus. With every report, there needs to be a purpose, a clear "take away" for the reader. Once all the research is done have another meeting and decide what your writing should focus on. What is the goal of your report? To prove that the country is in good condition to hold business. To prove that the country should be considered a good place for investment. Or is to prove the opposite? If your research found that the country is in a terrible economic position, then make sure everyone in your team is aware that this will be what you are going to try and prove.
 
-Choose one or two editors选择一个或两个编辑:
If you are a good writer, now is the time to tell your teammates. In place of doing some other aspect of the project, such as preparing the power point, offer your writing ability as a tool for your team to put the report together. The problem with having everyone just plot their sections in the report is that everyone has a different writing style. Having everyone's original writing may not allow for the pieces to fall together, or for the report to flow. Having 1 or 2 people do the majority of the revision and editing will allow for the report to have the same writing style throughout the report, hence allowing for the sections to flow together. Sections should be neatly organized and placed in an order that makes sense of the progression of your research.
 
-Write your individual sections写下你的个人部分:
You now need to start the process of putting together your report. Each team member should write his or her own section separately. Important: Everyone in the group needs to do some research and writing. Don't leave the research to one or two people.
Make sure that when writing, you completely avoid "I" statements. Your writing should be objective and formal.
 
-Plan the introduction and conclusion 策划开头和结语:
When everyone in the group is done writing, have a meeting to develop ideas for the report's Introduction and Conclusion. These portions of the report should be written as a group after each member is done with their own research and writing, but before the whole piece is stitched together
Each report you write should include very clear and strong intro/concluding paragraphs. Having a purpose statement in your introduction will arouse the reader's interest. Make sure you clearly state what it is you are researching and why. For example, in a country analysis you may want to see if the country in question has a good foundation for business, and whether or not companies should move to that country. Subsequently, after proving in the body sections of your report that this country was either good or bad for business, you NEED to make sure you leave the reader with your answer. EX, yes, businesses should move here because the distribution of wealth is even, and almost everyone can afford to buy luxuries.
 
-Stitch the sections together 把各部分整合在一起:
If there are two members who know that they are good writers, assign them to this task: take everyone's section, and put them into one cohesive, professional report. Having a clear, factual tone is appropriate for this type of writing. List the facts out, and then make sure the relevance of these facts (or quotes) is explained in the report.
 
-Write the Executive Summa 撰写执行摘要:
Executive summaries are the last portion of group reports that should be written. Executive summaries should be placed right in the beginning, before your table of contents. This should be no longer than a page in length, and should include a short summary of each team member's sections. Try having each member of your group come up with two or three sentences that best summarize their sections. From there, incorporate your purpose from your introduction and findings from your conclusion in order to capture the entire spectrum of the report. It will be important to truly capture the most important aspects of your report, so be diligent and concise with your work here.
http://www.fun1999.com/

原文地址:http://www.fun1999.comhttp://www.fun1999.com/mglw/29772.html,如有转载请标明出处,谢谢。

您可能在寻找report方面的范文,您可以移步到report频道(http://www.fun1999.comhttp://www.fun1999.com/mglw/)查找


上一篇:Report是什么意思?(附Report模板)
下一篇:没有了
相关report论文
浙江福利彩票-下注